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Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)

MSDS3009 FORMIC ACID

24/08/2016    source£º    Author£º  Viewed£º172

PRIMA CHEM INTERNATIONAL CO., LIMITED

Add:76 Haiqu Road,Rizhao City,Shandong,China

Tel: +86-633-8010307  Fax: +86-633-8010301






MSDS NO.3009

Creation Date Feb.17, 2008  3nd Revision Date Jan.05,2016

 

FORMIC ACID

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET (MSDS)

 

1. PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

 

Chemical Name: Formic Acid

Synonyms: Methanoic acid; hydrogen carboxylic acid; Aminic Acid; Formylic acid

Appearance: Clear, colorless liquid.

CAS No.: 64-18-6

Molecular Weight: 46.03

Chemical Formula: HCOOH

RTECS No:

LQ4900000

ENIECS NO.:

200-579-1

UN Code:

1779

Use:

Formic acid is used in various stages of leather and textile processing and in natural rubber manufacturing.
Due to its acidic and reducing reactions, formic acid is an important chemical building block in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries. It is used for acidity control and cleaning in processes where lowest environmental impact is sought and no residues allowed.
Formic acid products are also widely used in biomaterial preservation and as antibiotics replacers in industrial animal feed.

Supplier:

Prima Chem International Co., Limited

Add:76 Haiqu Road,Rizhao City,Shandong,China 

Tel: +86-633-8010302  Fax: +86-633-8010301

Emergency Telephone call: +86-633-8010307

 

2. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

 

Ingredient

CAS No

Percent

Hazardous

Formic Acid

64-18-6

85-90%min

Yes

Production Standard: GB/T 2093-93,ChinaStandard.

 

3. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

 

EMERGENCY OVERVIEW

DANGER! CORROSIVE. LIQUID AND MIST CAUSE SEVERE BURNS TO ALL BODY TISSUE. MAY BE FATAL IF SWALLOWED. HARMFUL IF INHALED. INHALATION MAY CAUSE LUNG DAMAGE. VAPOR IS IRRITATING TO EYES AND RESPIRATORY TRACT. COMBUSTIBLE LIQUID AND VAPOR.

Potential Health Effects

Eye:

Corrosive! Vapors are irritating and may cause damage to the eyes. Contact may cause severe burns and permanent eye damage.

Skin:

Corrosive. Symptoms of redness, pain, and severe burn can occur.

Ingestion:

Causes serious burns and corrosion of the mouth, throat, and esophagus, with immediate pain and difficult swallowing. Other symptoms of abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea and vomiting can occur, leading to shortness of breath and death. Severe poisonings may cause shock, kidney damage.

Inhalation:

Inhalation of vapors can cause severe irritation of nose, throat, and upper respiratory tract. Inhalation of higher concentrations may cause central nervous system effects and lung damage.

Chronic:

Prolonged or repeated exposure to low concentrations may cause skin irritation and burns. Prolonged or repeated exposure may cause liver and kidney damage.

 

4. FIRST AID MEASURES

 

Eye:

Flush eyes with water for 15 minutes. Hold eyelids open while washing. If pain persists, place 2-3 drops 1/2 % pontocaine solution in affected eye(s). (Ponotocaine is also known as "Amethocaine", "Tetracaine" and "Pantocaine")

Skin:

Flush body with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Immediately remove contaminated clothing, including shoes. SPEED IN REMOVING LIQUID FROM SKIN IS OF PRIME IMPORTANCE TO PREVENT, SERIOUS BURNS AND INJURY.

Ingestion:

No specific treatment.

Inhalation:

Remove from contaminated area. If not breathing give artificial respiration. If breathing of victim is difficult administer oxygen for a maximum period of one hour.

Notes to Physician: n/a

 

5. FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES

 

Some of these materials may react violently with water.
SMALL FIRES: Dry chemical, CO2, Halon, water spray or alcohol foam.
LARGE FIRES: Water spray, fog or standard foam is recommended. Move container from fire area if you can do it

without risk. Cool containers that are exposed to flames with water from the side until well after the fire is

out. Stay away from ends of tanks. Keep unnecessary people away; isolate hazard area and deny entry.

Stay upwind; keep out of low areas. Positive-pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) and

chemical protective clothing that is specifically recommended by the shipper or manufacturer may be

worn. It will provide little or no thermal protection. Structural firefighter's protective clothing is NOT

effective with these materials.

 

6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

 

Full protective clothing including breathing apparatus Dilute (substance may be washed to drain with a lot of water) .

PRECAUTIONS: Restrict access to area. Provide adequate protective equipment and ventilation. Remove sources of heat and flame. Notify occupational and environmental authorities.

SPILL OR LEAK: Do not touch spilled material. Stop leak if you can do it without risk.

Use water spray to reduce vapours.

SMALL SPILLS: Takeup with sand or other noncombustible absorbent material and place into containers for later

disposal.

LARGE SPILLS: Dike liquid spill for later disposal.

 

7. HANDLING AND STORAGE

 

Precautions:

Keep away from heat. Keep away from sources of ignition. Empty containers pose a fire risk, evaporate the residue under a fume hood. Ground all equipment containing material. Do not ingest. Do not breathe dust. If ingested, seek medical advice immediately and show the container or the label. Keep away from incompatibles such as oxidizing agents, acids.

Storage:

Keep container tightly closed. Keep container in a cool, well-ventilated area.

 

8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

 

Occupational: T W A OEL-RL SHORT TERM OEL-RL

Exposure Limits: PPMa) MG/M3b) PPMa) MG/M3b)

Controls:  The control measures appropriate for a particular worksite depend on how this material is used and on the extent of exposure. The best protection is to enclose operations and/or provide local exhaust ventilation at the site of chemical release.

Use a non-sparking, grounded ventilation system separate from other exhaust ventilation systems. Exhaust directly to the outside. Supply sufficient replacement air to make up for air removed. Have a safety shower/eye wash fountain readily available in the immediate work area.

Personal Protection: If engineering controls and work practices are not effective in controlling this material, then wear suitable personal protection equipment, including chemical safety goggles & face shield, boots, imperious gloves, coveralls, & respiratory protection. Have appropriate equipment available for use in emergencies.

 

9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

 

Appearance: Clear, colorless liquid.

Odor: Characteristic, pungent odor.

Solubility: Completely soluble in water. Concentrated acid reacts with water with release of considerable heat.

Density: 1.2

pH: No information found.

% Volatiles by volume @21C(70F): 100

Boiling Point: 101OC (214F)

Melting Point: ca.8C(ca.46F)

Vapor Density (Air=1): 1.6 @19C(66F)

Vapor Pressure (mm Hg): 40 @24C(75F)

Evaporation Rate (BuAc=1): 2.1

Flash Points: 69¡ãC(156.2¡ãF). (Formic acid)

 

10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

 

Conditions to Avoid: Incompatible materials, moisture, contact with water, acids.

Incompatibilities with Other Materials: Reacts with alkalis with release of heat materials.

 

11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

 

Oral rat LD50: 1100 mg/kg; inhalation rat LC50:15 gm/m3/15M; investigated as a tumorigen, mutagen.

  --------\Cancer Lists\------------------------------------------------------

                                         ---NTP Carcinogen---

  Ingredient                             Known    Anticipated    IARC Category

  ------------------------------------              -----       -----------        -------------

  Formic Acid (64-18-6)                   No          No            None

  Water (7732-18-5)                      No          No            None

 

12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

 

Environmental Fate::

When released into the soil, this material is expected to leach into groundwater. When released into the soil, this material may biodegrade to a moderate extent. When released into water, this material is expected to readily biodegrade. When released into the air, this material is expected to be readily degraded by reaction with photochemically produced hydroxyl radicals.

Environmental Toxicity:

This material is not expected to be toxic to aquatic life.

 

13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

 

Disposal Method: There are no uniform EC regulations for the disposal of chemicals or residues

Product: Chemical residues generally count as special waste. The disposal of the latter is regulated in the EC member countries through corresponding laws and regulations. We recommend that you contact the authorities in charge or approved waste disposal companies which will advise you on how to dispose of special waste.

 

14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION

PROPER SHIPPING NAME: FORMIC ACID

UN NO: 1779          

IMDG Class: 8  Corrosive substances.

Subsidiary Risks: 3

IMDG-Packaging Group: II

 

15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

 

EEC Hazard Classification: 8

Risk Phases: Causes burns

Safety Phases: Keep out of reach of children. Do not breath gas/fumes/vapour/spray. In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advise.

 

16. OTHER INFORMATION

 

Reason for Alteration: General update.

The information contained herein is based on the present state of our knowledge. It characterizes the product with regard to the appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent a guarantee of the properness of the product.

 

 

The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us which supplied from our supplier. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes.

PRIMA CHEM INTERNATIONAL CO. LIMITED